Bill Would Limit Nicotine in E-Cigarette Products

Oct. 8, 2019 -- A bill to limit the amount of nicotine in e-cigarette products was introduced Monday by U.S. Rep. Raja Krishnamoorthi in a bid "to make them significantly less addictive and appealing to youth."

The bill would restrict nicotine content to a maximum of 20 milligrams per milliliter, which matches regulations in the European Union, and would give the Food and Drug Administration the authority to reduce the cap if necessary,  reported.

Currently, there is no national limit in the U.S., and some brands have nicotine levels several times higher than 20 milligrams per milliliter.

Experts say high nicotine concentrations have contributed to what they say is a vaping epidemic among U.S. youth,  reported.

"Capping the concentration of nicotine in e-cigarettes is integral to ending the youth vaping epidemic by making these products less addictive, less appealing to youth, and less harmful to public health," Krishnamoorthi said in a statement.

He's leading a congressional investigation into youth vaping.

What Is An Essence? The Skin Care Step You Didn’t Know You Needed

If you’re a skin care aficionado, facial essences are probably already on your radar. A K-beauty staple, these lightweight elixirs are the backbone of every multi-step skin care routine - and for good reason. They’re a game-changer for any and every complexion. Read on to learn about the skin care step you didn’t know you needed.

What Is An Essence & What Does It Do?

As Eminence Organics International Trainer Brian Goodwin says, “The easiest way to think of an essence is as a primer that helps all of your other leave-on treatments work better.” Essences are often described as a cross between a toner and serum. These fast-absorbing liquids are slightly more viscous than a toner and contain a high concentration of actives like a serum. 

The easiest way to think of an essence is as a primer that helps all of your other leave-on treatments work better.

In a skin care routine, essences help maximize hydration and improve absorption of subsequent skin care products. Plus, they’re chock-full of beneficial ingredients that plump the skin and protect it against the drying effects of environmental stressors. Here is a closer look at the benefits of facial essences for the skin.

Add Hydration & Moisture

The key to a healthy complexion is a strong skin barrier. When the skin’s moisture barrier is protected and functioning optimally, it works to keep in beneficial hydration and keep out harmful environmental irritants that cause dryness and premature aging. Essences support healthy barrier function by replenishing the skin’s moisture levels and providing long-lasting hydration. 

K-beauty expert Alicia Yoon likens the skin to a sponge. When wet, it becomes more absorbent; when dry, it becomes cracked and brittle. She says: “When your skin is well-hydrated, it is healthier, stronger and functions better. Essences help your sponge-like skin fill up with necessary moisture for better skin health.” 

Plump Skin

With age, the skin begins to lose volume and fullness. As stores of collagen, elastin and hyaluronic acid decline (by up to 50 per cent by age 40), once-plump skin can appear to deflate and sag. When the skin is hydrated and moisturized, it is stronger, more supple and - as Alicia says - has “happier, bouncier cells.” Essences contain humectants and emollients that draw in water, replenish moisture and in turn, give skin a plump and youthful appearance.

Protect Skin

Essences also contain antioxidant-rich ingredients that fight free radicals and protect skin from the harmful effects of the environment. Exposure to pollution, blue light and UV rays can cause damage to skin cells that presents as dryness, inflammation and the visible signs of aging. Ingredients with a high concentration of antioxidants can stave off damage by neutralizing free radicals and minimizing their negative effects. 

Prep Skin

By enhancing skin health and hydration, essences prime the skin to better absorb subsequent skin care products. When your skin is hydrated, it can more easily soak up the active ingredients in your serums, oils and concentrates. As The Zoe Report describes, “The water basically chauffeurs substances like glycerin and hyaluronic acid (humectants) or shea butter and squalane oil (emollients) down to the inner layer of the dermis. Then it evaporates, leaving the good stuff behind to do its job.” 

Watch this video to learn more about the benefits of using a facial essence:

Does A Facial Essence Replace Toner?

You may wonder if an essence can simply replace your favorite toner. Really, it is a separate step and your skin will benefit from both a toner and essence in your routine. Toning provides a base layer of hydration that refreshes and balances your skin, while applying an essence delivers additional moisture and preps your complexion for the skin care steps that follow. A facial essence typically feels more robust than a toner and contains active ingredients that protect the skin and minimize the visible signs of aging.

Do I Still Need A Serum?

So, if an essence is more viscous and contains a higher concentration of actives than a toner, can it replace a serum? Again, the answer is: not quite. An essence acts as a delivery mechanism for even more concentrated serums, oils and concentrates. With its lightweight texture, an essence can deeply penetrate the skin and deliver beneficial ingredients where they are needed most. Additionally, serums, oils and concentrates are typically developed to target specific concerns and conditions and therefore deserve their own special place in a skin care routine.

When & How To Use An Essence

Now that you know that an essence is an additional step in your skin care routine, where does it fit? In general, we advise applying your skin care products in order of weight, starting with the lightest (your toner) and ending with the richest (your serum, oil or concentrate). Essences fit directly in the middle: They should be applied after toner and before your facial serums, moisturizer and SPF. 

Here is how to apply one properly:

  • Use after cleansing and toning your skin.
  • Shake a few drops of essence into your palm.
  • Warm the product between your hands. 
  • Gently press the essence into your skin (this minimizes friction and aids absorption).
  • Follow with the remaining steps in your skin care routine
  • Birch Water Purifying Essence

    You can easily add an essence to your Eminence Organics skin care routine with the introduction of our Birch Water Purifying Essence. This lightweight essence contains purifying birch water, botanical collagen, snow mushroom and reishi mushroom to restore moisture levels, increase elasticity and improve barrier function. Skin is left replenished, rejuvenated and prepped to absorb the benefits of skin care treatments that follow.

    Ready to add a facial essence to your skin care routine? Experience the new Birch Water Purifying Essence at an Eminence Organics partner spa near you. 

    Product Spotlight: Laura Mercier Translucent Loose Setting Powder Glow - Makeup and Beauty Blog

    To quote the great Lizzo (Lizzo for president!), it ain’t my fault if I’m out here getting loose. And I say that because I’ve been wearing Laura Mercier Translucent Loose Setting Powder Glow ($39), so, ya know…I’m getting loose with it, ha ha ha!

    (I don’t blame it on the goose or my juice, in case you were wondering.)

    This face setting powder is a rare gem. It has a subtle pearly finish (I know, blowing your mind right now!), which sets makeup without making pores look like moon craters (an issue with any sort of powder with shimmer or sheen).

    Yes, you can wear it all over your face! It adds a hint of dewiness, so your face doesn’t look flat or too matte, and it does this without showing off your fine lines or smile lines, a.k.a your experience lines.

    You can also wear it like a traditional highlighter as well, if all-over glow is a little too much for ya.

    Oh, and did I mention that it feels weightless and doesn’t look cake-y? It’s so good, you guys. So, so good.

    You know, if you like that dewy skin look, but you don’t want to look greasy or a shiny metallic robot, this is it.

    A big 1-oz. jar is $39 (comes with a sifter, but it doesn’t come with a brush or powder puff though), and there are two shade options — one lighter and one darker. I wear the lighter option, and it works fine with my NC42 skin. I like to apply it with a big fluffy brush, buffing the smallest amount over my face, because I like the sheen to look very diffused.

    Check it out! You can find Laura Mercier Translucent Loose Setting Powder Glow in the permanent line at Laura Mercier counters and lauramercier.com.

    Your friendly neighborhood beauty addict,

    Karen

    How 2019 Will End According To Your Star Sign

    Like the rest of the world, we’re low-key obsessed with astrology. Literally as soon as we wake up, we check our CoStar and plan our day accordingly – the stars always know what’s up. So recently, when we were doing some forward- planning, we wanted to consult our stars for a little direction. For all the full astrology scoop, we got in touch with our girl Aliza Kelly, astrologer, author, and host of podcast Stars Like Us. She gave us our star sign reading for how the rest of 2019’s going to play out…

    ARIES

    via Giphy

    Though the autumn was off to a rocky start, 2019 closes out with a bang. Look forward to major career opportunities coming your way, setting the stage for what is bound to be an exciting 2020.

    TAURUS

    via Giphy

    You’ve been focused on fortifying your personal relationships, but by the end of the year, you’re eager to leap outside your comfort zone. Whether you’re booking travel for work or pleasure, the end of 2019 will be sure to expand your reach.

    GEMINI

    via Giphy

    Whether you’ve started a new job or exercise routine, by the end of the year, you’ll discover that there are emotional implications to your choices. These shifts aren’t just about calendar management – they’re generating an emotional metamorphosis.

    CANCER

    via Giphy

    You’ve been questioning a lot of things in your life, but by the end of your year, you’ll discover that all of that doubt was for a reason – new romance is on the horizon! You’ve been waiting to welcome passion, and now, your patience will finally be rewarded.

    LEO

    via Giphy

    Whether you’re investing in furniture or interviewing new roommates, you’ve been reconsidering your major changes on the home-front. By the end of the year, however, you’ll finally feel stable and grounded. Likewise, this is an excellent time to set intentions and practical milestones for the year ahead!

    VIRGO

    via Giphy

    By the end of the year, you’ll have received some extremely important information that may radically transform your decision-making. Soon, you’ll discover an opportunity that will enable you to step into your artistic capabilities. Don’t be afraid to shine!

    LIBRA

    via Giphy

    Money has been on your mind, but by the end of the year, you’ll receive some pivotal information about a new financial prospect that may encourage you to reassess your reality. Remember, you’re allowed to change your mind… As well as your values.

    SCORPIO

    via Giphy

    After your birthday, you’ll be approaching everything from a new perspective. Now, you’re not afraid of speaking your truth – even if that means purging some people along the way.

    SAGITTARIUS

    via Giphy

    There have been a lot of shocking surprises throughout 2019, but as the year comes to a close, you start to realize that all the unexpected twists-and-turns have led you exactly where you need to be. By the end of the year, you know that your intuition will always light your way.

    CAPRICORN

    via Giphy

    As the year comes to a close, be sure to get plenty of rest. The end of 2019 is about scheduling plenty of extra nap-time because of major shifts throughout 2020 about to transform your life forever. Press snooze while you still can!

    AQUARIUS

    via Giphy

    You don’t always trust your gut, but by the end of the year, you’ll realize that your intuition is actually the most reliable source. Though the next few weeks may generate more questions than answers, trust that everything is happening for a reason.

    PISCES

    via Giphy

    You’re starting to outgrow your immediate community – but that should come as no surprise. You’ve already been experiencing rapid change and radical transformations. Don’t be afraid to tap into your extended network. A friend-of-a-friend may introduce you to an exciting new career prospect (or romantic interest!).

    Are you guys obsessed with star signs? Let us know in the comments below.

    This Is The Prettiest Makeup Look We’ve Seen This Year

    Our Instagram feed has blown up in the past week… When J. Lo made a surprise entrance on the Versace runway in her iconic Jungle dress, we died. But among the fashion month craziness, one striking eyeshadow look blessed our screen and we love it more each time we see it. Nicknamed watercolor eyeshadow, the trend, which has been around for a while now, is seeing a resurgence in the makeup world. The look resembles that stunning, ethereal watercolor effect, with either multiple shades being blended together or one shade monochromatically washed across the lid – it’s like a work of art but the eyelid is the canvas. And while it may look kinda hard to recreate, don’t worry because we’ve got all the MUA insider tips. Here’s how to slay this super pretty eyeshadow look.

    How to Perfect The Watercolor Eyeshadow Look

    Mario Dedivanovic, Kim K’s go-to MUA, has a very simple approach – just add water, which makes total sense! Dip your brush in H20 then apply a light dusting of eyeshadow and sweep it over the lid to create a soft wash of color. Repeat the process with different complementary shades – our Neon eyeshadow palettes work really well with this look. Focus the brush wherever you want to add intensity like the outer edges and the crease. Don’t be afraid of working the color, all the way up towards the brows – the stained effect works well on larger areas and as the color is diluted and doesn’t look too harsh or bold.

    If you’re afraid to use water (and this is best for beginners), use a fluffy eyeshadow brush to paint on color and be sure to blend out the edges for a softly diffused look that mimics a watercolor effect.

    Source: NARS

    MUA Val Garland created her own twist on the trend for the Erdem runway, and kept it simple, using one color for a monochromatic look and washing out the edges for a watercolor effect. She told Vogue: “I take a pencil first [Garland used the NARS Moskova Quad eyeshadow palettes] and blend it in, so I have a waxy base. I then use a cotton wool bud to windscreen-wipe across the color, picking up the pigment and pressing it into the eyelid a few times. Because of this lovely dewy skin, I have a bit of fall-out from the eyeshadow which creates a painterly, delicate and beautiful pop of color with a more velvety texture which comes from the application technique. The waxy pencil creates an ombré stain where the pigment from the other color hasn’t hit.”

    If you like the watercolor makeup look as much as we do, here’s some major watercolor eyeshadow inspo…

    Are you guys going to try watercolor eyeshadow? Let us know in the comments.

    Give Seniors a Annual Memory Checkup, Experts Say

    By Steven Reinberg

    MONDAY, Sept. 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Many older people show evidence of mental decline, called mild cognitive impairment, but doctors often miss this sometimes early sign of dementia and Alzheimer's disease.

    To help doctors get a better handle on their patients' mental state, the American Academy of Neurology (AAN) is urging physicians to assess patients aged 65 and older at least once a year.

    The academy recommends that doctors use a mathematical tool that helps quantify their patients' memory and thinking skills.

    "Since thinking skills are the most sensitive indicator of brain function and they can be tested cost-effectively, this creates an enormous opportunity to improve neurologic care," study author Dr. Norman Foster, of the University of Utah in Salt Lake City, said in an AAN news release.

    Around the world, nearly 7% of people in their early 60s suffer from mild cognitive impairment, as do 38% of those aged 85 and older, according to the AAN.

    Using the new metric can alert doctors so that optimal care can be provided. Although there is no cure for mild cognitive impairment, its presence can help doctors keep watch should the patient progress to dementia.

    "We cannot expect people to report their own memory and thinking problems because they may not recognize that they are having problems or they may not share them with their doctors," Foster said.

    "Annual assessments will not only help identify mild cognitive impairment early, it will also help physicians more closely monitor possible worsening of the condition," he added.

    The report was published online Sept. 18 in the journal .

    Most Popular 10 Hair Toners To Try This Monsoon

    Why have halfway fun with hair coloring when there is a toner at your rescue. Whether you up for a rose gold effect, icy white blonde or pastel hue, play it up! Hair toners can maintain that shade and minimize brassiness to full effect. These products can stand up against anything by giving your hair full protection against even the much-dreaded monsoons. If you are unsure what a hair toner really does or wondering whether you need one, then we have answered it below.

    Do You Need A Toner?

    Probably, yes if you have colored your hair and wish to neutralize the brassy tone. Hair toners are normally applied to maintain shade for longer and can be used once a week.

    Best Hair Toners That Are Worth Noticing:

    Here are our favorite hair toners below:

    1. Dumb Blonde Shampoo, TIGI Bed Head:

    Not a ‘dumb’ choice for sure as the name indicates. Bleached hair can stay protected after a single wash while it’s conditioning abilities provides top results.

    2. Série Expert Silver, L’Oréal Professionnel:

    One of the best choices for toning down brassy hair making it worth the investment! This product also cancels dryness and revives lost moisture.

    Source: amazon.in

    3. Color Extend Blondage Shampoo, Redken:

    This is an effective purple shampoo, with ultra-violet pigments to prevent brassiness to full effect after a single wash. Leave the formula for few minutes to achieve desired icy blonde finish.

    4. Purple Shampoo & Conditioner Set For Blonde Color Balance and Tone, ArtNaturals:

    The purple shampoo by ArtNaturals is a cult favorite. It gently refreshes and tones your hair color while diminishing brassy tones. The conditioner is equally important, so don’t skip it. Also a perfect choice for the holidays!

    Source: artnaturals.com

    5. Charm T18 Lightest Ash Blonde Toner, Wella Color:

    Wella has been one of the popular brand choices in the beauty business for years and it keeps getting better. This toner includes a smoothening formula that penetrates deep into hair follicle for rebounding. Incredible results in a single wash, yes please!

    6. Virgin Snow White Toner, Manic Panic:

    This one isn’t that pricey compared to the rest of the other brands in the list but the amazing results are still the same. The color saving formula keeps bleached hair looking rich and revived. This white toner cancels any yellow tones and gives out a salon-finish.

    Source: manicpanic.com

    7. Blond Me Blonde Toning Crème, Schwarzkopf Professional:

    This color-correcting toner is enriched with proteins and acts similar to a keratin treatment every time you wash hair. It also features three versions suitable for several blonde tones including warm blondes, cool blondes, and all blondes to ensure a flawless finish.

    Source: cosmoprofbeauty.com

    8. Colour Refreshing Gloss for Cool Brunette, John Frieda:

    Color-correcting formulas can leave hair limp but not this one by John Frieda. Tresses are left super-soft while canceling out brassiness. Recommended for hair that needs a serious change.

    9. Touch of Silver Brightening Shampoo, Pro: Voke:

    This hair toning formula is a top seller for good reasons. It promises to super brighten blonde hair in a minute. Consider this a great buy treatment.

    10. ColourPlex Toning Violet Conditioner, Charles Worthington:

    This one wash toning conditioners brightens and adds sheen in one wash. It highlights platinum and gray shades so perfectly.

    Source: charlesworthington.com

    Tips to Maintain Blonde Hair from Turning Brassy:

    Here are few tips to help you maintain hair better:

  • Request your colorist to apply glaze few weeks after hair coloring. Doing this helps in restoring hair cuticles and boost color. The glaze method also known as gloss fixes fading and brassy issues.
  • The chemicals present in hair dyes takes no brainers to guess. Most products contain hard minerals and chlorine causing the dye to fade off and become brassy. Protect your hair using a hair spray with UV protection from a good brand.
  • Swimming in chlorinated pools can cause your hair to turn green. To prevent this, rinse hair well before diving in. Soaking hair first can keep hair protected.
  • These whole lists of easy-to-use hair toners lock your tresses for less brassiness and preserve that shade. Hope you find your true match with our top picks.

    Rosie Huntington-Whiteley Told Us ALL Her Beauty Secrets

    Who doesn’t have a girl crush on Rosie Huntington-Whiteley? She’s completely angelic, hilariously funny, super down to earth, a dedicated businesswoman and mother, and talented actress and model – and she does all of that while always looking incredibly stylish! And don’t even get us started on her bone structure, flawless brows, and gorgeous lips!

    Starting out as a model, then starring in movies and brand campaigns, Rosie told us she wanted to do something more, so set out to create her own hugely successful lingerie collection (we have a few sets ourselves). But Rosie didn’t stop there, she told us, “I’ve been fortunate to work with so many incredible people during my years in the hair and makeup chair, which is why I started Rose Inc., so I could share the knowledge they’ve given to me.” And that’s exactly what she’s done with her online magazine full of epic industry secrets, interviews with experts, and a whole ton of Rosie exclusive content – ‘beauty from the insider out,’ as they put it.

    Having had hundreds of makeup gurus paint her face, Rosie knows what she’s talking about when it comes to makeup and beauty! So, we asked her all our burning questions on her skin routine, makeup and hair tips, and more…

    Check out our chat with Rosie:

    Rosie on Skincare:

    1. What’re your 3 fave skincare products you never travel without?

    Rosie: Sunscreen, Lano 101 Ointment (for dry lips and cuticles), and Bioderma Sensibio micellar water.

    2. Do you ever use drugstore skincare? 

    Rosie: If my skin starts to become oilier than usual, I like to use witch hazel as a gentle toner.

    3. What are the best lessons you’ve been taught by skincare experts/derms/ makeup artists?

    Rosie: One of my favourite lessons is that if you’re wearing bronzer, dusting just a little bit on your eyelids will bring the whole look together.

    4. What beauty brand do people need to know more about?

    Rosie: Biossance is an incredible skin-care brand. I love the science and sustainability behind their products, and I love that they use clean ingredients.

    4. Are you as obsessed with beauty tools as we are?

    Rosie: I love a good eyelash curler. Using one takes only a few seconds, really, but it makes all the difference.

    Rosie on Makeup:

    1. What’s your everyday makeup look?

    Rosie: I love to play with makeup, but if I’m in a rush, I can be ready in 10 minutes. I favor a little warmth in the cheeks, groomed brows, glowing skin, and typically a nude or neutral lip. Nothing too “done” for everyday. This video is a cheat sheet for one of my go-to looks:

    2. What are your makeup tips for glowy skin?

    Rosie: It all starts with skincare. If your skin is well-moisturized, then you can use less makeup to achieve a glow. From there, I love to mix some Dr. Barbara Sturm’s Glow Drops into my foundation for an all-over glow, and lately, I’ve been using Kevyn Aucoin Glass Glow to give my cheekbones a dewy look. I tend to avoid anything with an overly frosty finish.

    3. What are your go-to makeup products?

    Rosie: Tinted moisturizer, Bioderma or Lano lip balm as a base for my lip colour, Chanel Soleil Tan de Chanel bronzer, Hourglass Arch Brow Sculpting Pencil, and lately, Sunnies Face lip color.

    4. What makeup trend are you currently loving?

    Now that we’re heading into autumn, I’m feeling a lot of moodier colors – silvery green, midnight blue, deep copper – on the eyes for evening.

    5. What piece of makeup or beauty advice surprised you the most?

    Rosie: I am constantly learning. That’s what I love most about the creativity that comes from the artistry within makeup. I feel I have learned so much over my career as a model but even more so since the launch of Rose Inc., as I’m interviewing and filming so many incredible women, artists, and experts. Everyone’s approach to their beauty routine is unique and different and there is always a tip or product to learn about. Researching skin is a true passion of mine as I’m in constant pursuit to solve my own skin issues. My biggest revelation this year has been the benefits of using non-comedogenic and oil-free products. I religiously cross-check my skincare and makeup products against a list of pore-clogging ingredients and remove any that contain them. My skin has cleared up dramatically after suffering with acne for well over a year. Its been a game-changer for me.

    6. What’s your ultimate hero product and who is your hero?  

    Rosie: Hourglass Vanish Seamless Finish Foundation Stick. This is the most beautiful foundation I have ever worn. My hero is my son, Jack.

    Rosie on Hair:

    1. How do you keep your hair looking so healthy and glossy?

    Rosie: I am a faithful user of Olaplex No. 3 to keep my hair strong, and Malibu Blondes helps keep my blonde from looking dull.

    2. What hairstyling hacks can you not live without?

    Rosie: If I’m creating a sleek hairstyle, I mist a little hairspray on my fingers, then smooth down flyaways. This keeps even the tiniest hairs in place, but it doesn’t leave my hair feeling shellacked.

    Rosie on Business:

    1. What have you learned since starting Rose Inc.? 

    Rosie: So much. I never imagined I’d be learning the ins and outs of web analytics, for instance, but now I understand more about page views and unique visitors than I ever thought possible. More than that, though, I’ve found that if you listen to your audience and create a strong team, you can accomplish incredible things. For instance, we hadn’t originally anticipated holding a makeup Master Class in our first year. Maybe, I thought, in our second year. But our audience was asking for real-life experiences, and so we made it happen—and it was incredibly successful. That taught me not to impose artificial limits on what’s possible. Anything is possible if you’re willing to work hard and think creatively.

    2. How do you balance running your beauty empire among everything else you do?

    Rosie: Time management is a large part of the answer. I’ve learned not to waste time, to be decisive, and to focus on what’s essential. But the other part of the answer is that I trust the members of my team to draw on their expertise, and I listen to their recommendations when it’s time to make decisions. I know I can’t do everything alone, but together, we can accomplish more.

    3. Which business women/beauty moguls inspire you?

    Rosie: I admire women who know their worth and the value of their ideas – and who aspire to lift all women up with their own success. Cassandra Grey, Pat McGrath, Emily Weiss, Maria Hatzistefanis, and of course, Huda are all inspirations to me.

    We don’t know about you, but we just fell even deeper in love, and just learned some pretty bomb beauty tips! Let us know your fave tip in the comments below.

    Link Seen Between Infertility, Prostate Cancer

    By Alan Mozes

    FRIDAY, Sept. 27, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Could male infertility contribute to a higher risk for prostate cancer?

    Yes, according to new Swedish research that suggests that men who become fathers through assisted reproduction treatments may be more likely to develop prostate cancer in midlife.

    The conclusion follows a review of data collected by a Swedish national registry between 1994 and 2014. In all, 1 million children had been born during that time frame, mostly to men in their 30s.

    Most (97%) were conceived through natural means. But 1.7% of the fathers (about 20,600 men) had undergone in vitro fertilization, while another 1.3% (nearly 15,000 men) conceived through intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) techniques.

    Prostate cancer risk during the two decades following birth was less than 1% across the board. However, while just 0.28% of dads who had conceived naturally went on to develop the disease, that figure was 0.37% among those from the in vitro group.

    Prostate cancer affected an even greater percentage (0.42%) of men in the sperm injection group. The team pointed out that sperm injection is usually reserved for men struggling with the most serious types of infertility.

    The findings held up even after taking into account a range of factors, including age, educational background and history of prior cancer.

    The team was led by researchers Yahia Al-Jebari, now at Stanford University in California, and Yvonne Lundberg Giwercman, from Lund University in Sweden. In the Sept. 25 issue of the , they concluded that "men who achieved fatherhood through assisted reproduction techniques, particularly through ICSI, are at high risk for early-onset prostate cancer and thus constitute a risk group in which testing and careful long term follow-up for prostate cancer may be beneficial."

    Still, the study authors cautioned that they only tracked prostate cancer risk up to an average age of 45, so the investigation could not assess risk across an entire lifetime. And they stressed that while they identified an association between the two, they did not prove that infertility actually causes prostate cancer.

    As to what might explain the link, the study team members noted that prostate cancer and many types of infertility are both related to testosterone levels. It's also possible that both share abnormalities on the male Y chromosome, they said.

    Texas Girl Dies From Brain-Eating Amoeba

    Sept. 17, 2019 -- A 10-year-old Texas girl has died due to Naegleria fowleri, also known as brain-eating amoeba, 8 days after getting a headache and fever.

    Lily Mae Avant started feeling ill Sunday, Sept. 8. Her doctors thought it was just a virus, but when she became confused and unresponsive, her family whisked her to an emergency room. She was flown to Cook Children’s Medical Center in Fort Worth, where a spinal tap, a test that takes a sample of fluid around the spinal cord, determined that she’d been infected by the amoeba, according to a Facebook page started by her family. She died there Monday.

    Although it’s uncertain where Lily contracted the amoeba, KCEN-TV reported that she had gone swimming Labor Day weekend in the Brazos River near her home outside Waco.

    Naegleria fowleri can be found in warm freshwater -- lakes, rivers, and hot springs -- as well as soil. While the amoeba is common, infections are rare. Between 2009 and 2018, only 34 cases were reported in the U.S., most in Southern states. Nearly all came from recreational water, but a few people were infected after using contaminated tap water for nasal irrigation. One person’s infection came after playing on a backyard slip-and-slide with contaminated tap water.

    Infections happen only when water containing the amoeba gets into the body through the nose. The amoeba can travel from the nose up to the brain, where it destroys tissue. Drinking contaminated water won’t cause an infection, and it can’t be passed from one person to another.

    When infections do happen, they’re very deadly: Since 1962, just four people have survived. “Since it’s so rare, we don’t know why a few people get sick while millions who swim in natural bodies of water don't,” Chris Van Deusen, of the Texas Department of State Health Services, says in a statement. “Because the organism is common in lakes and rivers, we don't recommend people specifically avoid bodies of water where someone has contracted the illness.”

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